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PCT: A Book of Readings — Free download
    An Overview of the Third Grand Theory in Psychology
            Introductions, Readings, and Resources 
The May 2016 edition is now a 424-page book that includes 30+ papers with selections from 20+ books. Subjects include psychotherapy, management, emotions, baby brain development, computer simulations and tutorials, scientific revolutions, dogma in psychology, scientific method, reverse engineering, robots, cybernetics, and more.

xvi, 408 pages, 8.25x11 inches, illustrated, paperback. © 2016
Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. ISBN 9781938090127

 

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Behavior: The Control of Perception
     “Powers’ manuscript, Behavior: The Control of Perception, is among the most exciting I have read in some time. The problems are of vast importance, and not only to psychologists; the achieved synthesis is thoroughly original; and the presentation is often convincing and almost invariably suggestive. I shall be watching with interest what happens to research in the directions to which Powers points.” —Thomas S. Kuhn
    
“Here is a profound and original book with which every psychologist—indeed every behavioral scientist—should be acquainted. It is delightful to have a person of such varied and unorthodox background come forth with a unique theory of the way in which behavior is controlled in and by the individual, a theory which should spark a great deal of significant research.”—Carl R. Rogers

     © 2005 Benchmark Publications Inc. 332 pages, 6x9 inches, illustrated, paperback, Benchmark Publications, Montclair, NJ. ISBN 0-9647121-7-2


 

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Control in the Classroom
—An Adventure in Learning and Achievement

    This new book is a great addition to the educational literature. It introduces educators to the most important and revolutionary new development in psychology in decades, PCT. And it does this in an easy, accessible style. It has something for everyone in education, from pre-school teachers to secondary teachers, as well as their students. Even college instructors and educational policy makers can find much of value in this slim volume.
... Read this book! You’ll be glad you did. — Hugh G. Petrie

© 2012 Timothy A. Carey. 178 pages, 6.9 x 9.6 inches, illustrated. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. Paperback: ISBN 0-9740155-4-7 Hardcover: ISBN 978-1-938090-11-0

 

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Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief
Approaches to a Science of Life
—Word Pictures and Correlations
    versus Working Models

    Throughout this volume, Phil and Bill exchange candid assessments of the players, methods and dominant approaches in psychology and the social sciences, and the difficulties that go with advocating an entirely new framework for doing science. You follow Phil Runkel's thinking as he comes to grips with PCT thanks to Bill Powers's patient tutoring, understands it and its significance, and develops his subsequent books: Casting Nets and Testing Specimens, and People as Living Things.

     610 pages, 8.25x11 inches, paperback. © 2011 Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. ISBN 0-9740155-1-2

 

 

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People as Living Things
—The Psychology of Perceptual Control

    “I started reading your book to see whatever you have to say about systems. Then I really got fascinated by your book and read it from start to finish. Very impressive! And a feast of recognition where you say that integrating PCT into your thinking does not come overnight but takes years. Your knowledge of the psychological literature is enormous and the way you linked PCT thinking with that literature (or discussed it against the background of that literature) was very instructive to me.” —Frans X. Plooij, Director, International Research-institute on Infant Studies (IRIS), The Netherlands

     © 2003 Philip J. Runkel. 539 pages, 8.25x11 inches, illustrated, paperback. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. ISBN 0-9740155-0-4

 

 

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The Method of Levels— How to do
Psychotherapy Without Getting in the Way

    "I've just finished the Method of Levels, and I'm astonished, delighted, and inspired. I was a psychotherapist for many years, using a variety of approaches (predominantly Gestalt Therapy, several versions of family therapy, and more recently Psychology of Mind), and while my clients were often happy with the results, I frequently wasn't. My fundamental dissatisfaction arose from the fact that I never knew WHY we were successful when we were, and what had gone wrong or failed to go right when we weren't. Now I think maybe at last I know." — Kalen Hammann, Ph.D.

     © 2006 Timothy A. Carey. 200 pages, 8.25x11 inches, illustrated, paperback. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. ISBN 0-9740155-4-7


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Management and Leadership:
Insight for Effective Practice

    When i first learned of PCT about seven years ago, I read everything I could get my hands on and your articles, for me, most clearly explained PCT. Somehow, your unique use of language, (perhaps it's more humanizing?) allowed me to understand it better, whereas much that was written (that seems to be changing) is so technical. The result being, if one has not mastered PCT language one becomes lost—at least for a time. Your explanations revealed PCT almost immediately for me. — David Hubbard, LMHC

     © 2008 Dag C. Forssell. 104 pages, 8.25x11 inches, illustrated, paperback. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. ISBN 0-9740155-5-5


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Learning-Knowing

The Death of Jeffrey Stapleton:
Exploring the Way Lawyers Think

   Hugh Gibbons explains: I wrote this manuscript to serve as part of the orientation for new students at the law school. The case of Jeffrey Stapleton was presented during the orientation as a trial, with the new students as the jury. I figured that students would be more accepting of the explanation that I provided than would practicing lawyers, who simply practice without reflection. The fact that lawyers need not reflect on what they are doing to be good at lawyering offered powerful support for my proposition that what is spelled out in this analysis, Perceptual Control Theory, PCT, is simply a correct explanation for how lawyers and all humans actually work.

© 2013 Hugh Gibbons. 232 pages, 8.5 x 11 inches, illustrated. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. Paperback: ISBN 978-1-938090-08-0 Hardcover: ISBN 978-1-938090-09-7


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Learning-Knowing

Ways of Learning and Knowing:
The Epistemology of Education

   For most of his career, Hugh was way ahead of his time. His papers in this volume still are. The role of the evolutionary process of blind variation and selective retention in all knowledge processes and the understanding of behavior as the control of perception are still mostly unknown in mainstream educational research, theory and philosophy. These perspectives, combined with Hugh’s analytical skills and accessible writing, lead to some radical (and radically useful) implications for our understanding of the process of knowledge growth and the practice of education. — Gary Cziko

© 2012 by Hugh G. Petrie. 371 pages, 6.7 x 9.6 inches, illustrated. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. Paperback: ISBN 978-1-938090-06-6 Hardcover: ISBN 978-1-938090-07-3


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Dilemma of Enquiry

The Dilemma of Enquiry and Learning
    I think that this book will be ‘compulsory reading’ in graduate schools of education around the country, and that it will arouse a vigorous and healthy controversy by shaking people out of unexamined assumptions and compelling them to rethink stale issues in fresh terms. — Stephen Toulmin

© 1981, 2011 Hugh G. Petrie. 252 pages, 6.7 x 9.6 inches, illustrated. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. Paperback: ISBN 978-0-9740155-3-8 Hardcover: ISBN 978-1-938090-04-2


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Casting Nets

Casting Nets and Testing Specimens
— Two Grand Methods of Psychology

    
The spring semester is nearly half completed. I am using your book in two classes. My experience this year is identical to that last year., when I wrote to you, "As time passes … I am increasingly convinced that your book ranks alongside Bill's [Powers] book in 1973 as a seminal work in the new behavioral science." So it is. —Tom Bourbon, 1991

© 1990, 2007, Philip J. Runkel 8.25x11 inches, illustrated. Living Control Systems Publishing, Hayward, CA. ISBN 0-9740155-7-1


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The Wonder weeks

The Wonder Weeks
—How to stimulate your baby’s mental development and help him turn his 10 predictable, great, fussy phases into magical leaps forward

    Van de Rijt and Plooij's work on infant development has enormous value for clinical use and scientific application. Not only have they explained the periods of puzzling, difficult behavior in infancy which so worry parents, they have also shown how these behaviors mark developmental leaps and have described the stages in the infant's understanding. Together, this gives parents and professionals soundly based insight into babies' developing minds.....
    —John Richer, Ph.D., Dip. Psych., John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford
    
    
By Hetty van de Rijt, Ph.D. and Frans Plooij, Ph.D (2010). 510 pages, 6.7x9.6 inches, illustrated, paperback. Kiddy World Promotions B.V., The Netherlands. ISBN 978–90–79208–04–3.


 

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Making Sense of Behavior
— The Meaning of Control

    
For almost a century, it has been the custom among American psychologists to seek to understand human nature by watching what people do. Most books about human nature focus on human doings; they focus on nameable acts with beginnings and endings. Consider a television set. What does a TV do? It shows us moving pictures on its screen; that is the "behavior" we see. But we could spend an entire lifetime studying the action on the screen and never come to understand a thing about how a TV functions. This book does not focus on visible acts. It focuses on perception. It shows us how action comes about if and only if we find a discrepancy between what we are experiencing and what we want to experience. — Philip J. Runkel.
    
    ©
  1998-2004 Benchmark Publications Inc. 180 pages, 5.5x8.5 inches, paperback, Benchmark Publications, Montclair, NJ. ISBN 0-9647121-5-6


 

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Living Control Systems III
— The Fact of Control

    "Living Control Systems III continues Powers' revolutionary approach to understanding living organisms as purposeful agents whose actions serve to control their environments. A unique feature of the book is the accompanying computer programs where Powers `puts his models where his mouth is,' graphically demonstrating how negative feedback control systems can account for a wide range of goal-oriented behavior. This book is required reading (and computing) for anyone seeking a deep understanding of the behavior of living organisms."
— Gary Cziko, Professor Emeritus, University of Illinois
    
    
©
2008 Benchmark Publications Inc. 214 pages, 6 x 9 inches, Paperback, Benchmark Publications, Montclair, NJ. ISBN 978-0-9647121-8-8


 

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Living Control Systems
    
    
14 previously published papers, 1960-1988.
    The control theory viewpoint has gained many supporters in recent years because of its rigor, its beauty, and its explanatory abilities. This viewpoint was first developed by William T. Powers in the papers in this book.

     © 1989 William T. Powers 295 pages, 5.5x8.5 inches, paperback, Benchmark Publications, New Caanan, CT. ISBN 0-9647121-3-X


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Living Control Systems II
    22 Previously unpublished papers, 1959-1990.
    Powers critiques the theories of mainstream behavioral scientists, showing how their defects are avoided by applying control theory instead. He also demonstrates the need for truly generative models if a genuine science of living control systems is to be developed.

© 1992 William T. Powers 275 pages, 5.5x8.5 inches, paperback, Benchmark Publications, Montclair, NJ. ISBN 0-9647121-4-8


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A People Primer:
    The Nature of Living Systems
    “What a blast of a book! Shelley Roy obviously has a deep and clear understanding of Perceptual Control Theory, and her style of presentation shows respect for the intelligence of the reader while at the same time making sure that her message gets across. Shelley successfully suppresses the writer’s ego and never condescends — a very nice combination.”
William T. Powers

    © 2008 Shelley A.W. Roy. 231 pages, 6 x 9 inches, paperback.
    
Published by New View Publications, N.C. ISBN 0-944337-47-3


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Behavior: The Control of Perception—Chinese
    
At the end of 2002, we found the book Behavior: Control of Perception by William T. Powers. After close reading of the book, we hold that Powers' PCT is a further development on the basis of Wiener's classical cybernetics, and with many innovations in theory and practice, is superior to the latter in the delicate illustration of the control mechanism scheme, in the creation of the new concept about purpose, that is, reference signal, in the hierarchy of the control of human perception, in its application in biology, computer science and cognitive science, and so on. — President Yan Zexian and Fan Dongping, Professors, Philosophy, South China Normal University; Zhang Huaxia, Professor, Philosophy, Zhongshan University.
    
    © 2004 Wi
lliam T. Powers. 317 pages, 6.5x9.5 inches, illustrated, paperback. Guongdong Higher Learning Education Press, Guangzhou, China. ISBN 7-5361-2996-3


 

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Introduction to Modern Psychology
The Control-Theory View

    Suitable as the primary text for introductory college-level psychology courses and for independent study, this textbook provides a unified approach to the entire field of psychology, from laboratory studies of animal behavior, through ethology and studies of human social behavior, to clinical work.

    © 1990 Richard J. Robertson and William T. Powers. 220 pages, References & Index, 8.5x11 inches, illustrated, paperback, Benchmark Publications, Montclair, NJ. ISBN 0-9647121-6-4

 

 

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Mind Readings
Experimental Studies of Purpose

    This is a book that can show a willing psychologist how to do a new kind of research. The theme that runs through all these papers is modeling, the ultimate way of finding out what a theory really means. Richard Marken is a skilled modeler, as will be seen. But he has a talent that goes beyond putting ideas into the form of working simulations, a talent that can be admired but is hard to imitate. He finds the essence of a problem and an elegantly simple way to cast it in the form of a demonstration or an experiment. — William T. Powers.

    © 1992 Richard S. Marken, 222 pages, 5.5x8.5 inches, illustrated, paperback, Benchmark Publications, Montclair, NJ. ISBN 0-9624154-3-X


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More Mind Readings
    
This book expands on Marken's first book, Mind Readings, by venturing further into speculative modeling and even criticism, both ventures being successful and thought-provoking. His great talent for organizing complex subjects into comprehensible models—and then showing that the models actually work—is evident and as satisfying as it was in the first volume. Despite its being far ahead of its time, this book is essential reading for anyone who wants to know where psychology is, or should be, headed.
    William T. Powers, author Behavior: The Control of Perception

    © 2002 Richard S
. Marken, 210 pages, 5.5x8.5 inches, illustrated, paperback, new view, St. Louis, MO. title page says ISBN 0-9704701-7-7, cover says ISBN 0-944337-43-0


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Freedom From Stress
    Ed's aim in this book is first to teach control theory in terms that are relevant to ordinary life and the problems of real people who aren't theoreticians. In this book he slants the message toward the specific problem of stress: what it is and what people can do to free themselves of this difficulty. He is convinced, and I agree, that the basic task is to understand what is going on, not to prescribe some pill or procedure that will work like a cold remedy. Out of understanding will come awareness of what has to change. And then the change will come about naturally. —William T. Powers

    © 1989, 1993 Edward E. Ford, 220 pages, 5.5x8.5 inches, illustrated, paperback, Brandt publishing, Scottsdale, AZ. ISBN 0-9616716-1-0


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Fundamentals—Discipline for Home and School
    
In this latest book in Ed Ford's series on RTP, the focus is on change. How do people change their ways? What are good ways to make change possible? In particular, how should the key person in the RTP system, the teacher in the Responsible Thinking Classroom or RTC, deal with students sent there to think about their infractions and to plan how to avoid them in the future? It was seeing a poorly run RTC that got Ed Ford to ask these questions, and this book is the result of his cogitations and enquiries that propose some answers. —From Foreword by William T. Powers

     © 2004 Edward E. Ford, 93 pages, 5.5x8.5 inches, paperback, Brandt publishing, Scottsdale, AZ. ISBN 0-9616716-9-6


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